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Specifics of governance model in small and medium sized companies




[justify][color=#ff3333]Пример выполненной нашей компанией работы.[/color][/justify]

I hereby declare that I have compiled this final thesis on my own and all the quoted literature as well as other sources used in the thesis are listed in the bibliography. The electronic copy of the thesis is identical with the hard-bound copy. I approve that this diploma thesis is published pursuant to Section 47b Act No.111/1998 Coll., on Higher Education and on the amendment and modification of other acts (the Higher Education Act), as amended.


Corporations arе subject to more legal, reporting, and financial requirements than other forms of ownership. Corporate officers must meet more stringent requirements for recording and reporting management decisions and actions. They must also hold annual meetings and consult the board of directors about major decisions that are beyond day-to-day operations. Managers may be required to submit some major decisions to the stockholders for approval. Corporations that are publicly held must file quarterly and annual reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Most states allow entrepreneurs to incorporate without the assistance of an attorney. Some states even provide incorporation kits to help in the incorporation process. Although it is cheaper for entrepreneurs to complete the process themselves, it is not always the best idea. In some states, the application process is complex, and the required forms are confusing. The price for filing incorrectly can be high. If an entrepreneur completes the incorporation process improperly, it is generally invalid.
Once the owners decide to form a corporation, they must choose a state in which to incorporate. If the business will operate within a single state, it is probably most logical to incorporate in that state. States differ—sometimes rather dramatically—in the requirements they place on the corporations they charter and how they treat corporations chartered in other states. They also differ in the tax rate they impose on corporations, the restrictions placed on their activities, the capital required to incorporate, and the fees or organization tax charged to incorporate. Delaware, for instance, offers low incorporation fees and minimal legal requirements.
Every state requires a certificate of incorporation or charter to be filed with the secretary of state.

Corporate governance — the long term relationship which has to deal with checks and balances, incentives for manager and communications between management and investors.
Corporations — is a company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
SMEs — Small to Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprises.
Table of Contents
Chapter I. Theoretical aspects of specifics of governance model in small and medium sized companies
1.1. Characteristics and needs of small and medium-size companies
1.2. Features of specifics of governance model in small and medium sized companies
1.3. Forms of governance model in small and medium sized companies
Chapter II. Analysis of specifics of governance model in small and medium sized companies
2.1. Basic characteristics of the organization
2.2. Analysis of the economic state of small and medium companies
2.3. Key findings on specifics of governance model in small and medium sized companies
On the basis of functional approach management conception is worked out by development of enterprises of small business, within the framework of that aims, tasks, principles, subjects, objects, mechanisms and management methods, are certain this process, that allows to promote effectiveness of the government and regional programs of development of small enterprise.
Within the framework of economic mechanism of management it is well-proven development of enterprises of small business, that management by financial relations and financial resources of small enterprises through corresponding levers by means of methods and forms of organization of financial relations for dynamic development of enterprises of small business is the main.
It is educed, that the basic problem for the enterprises of small business are absence of sufficient property starting asset and complication, unadvantage, and sometimes and impossibility of receipt of external facilities. Basic directions of indemnification of insufficiency of resources are in this connection certain at the enterprises of small business.
Specified and adapted to the current legislation economic-mathematic model of determination the optimal taxation of enterprises of small business and a case frame is worked out by development of enterprises of small business, that allows to define influence of volumes of the credits given out by commercial jars to the small enterprises, profits from allotted credit and size of middle interest rate of credit brief-case on the size of tax receivabless of enterprises of small business in the budget of area.
The corporation is the most complex of the three major forms of business ownership. It is a separate entity apart from its owners and may engage in business, make contracts, sue and be sued own property, and pay taxes. The Supreme Court has defined the corporation as “an artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of the law.” 5 Because the life of the corporation is independent of its owners, the shareholders can sell their interests in the business without affecting its continuation.
Corporations are creations of the state. When a corporation is founded, it accepts the regulations and restrictions of the state in which it is incorporated and any other state in which it chooses to do business. A corporation doing business in the state in which it is incorporated is a domestic corporation. When a corporation conducts business in another state, that state considers it to be a foreign corporation. Corporations formed in other countries but doing business in the United States are alien corporations.
Generally, the corporation must report annually its financial operations to its home state’s secretary of state. These financial reports become public record. If a corporation’s stock is sold in more than one state, the corporation must comply with federal regulations governing the sale of corporate securities. There are substantially more reporting requirements for a corporation than for the other forms of ownership.
All presented mechanisms include practical recommendations on the increase of management efficiency by development of enterprises small business.
[center] Bibliography[/center]
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